Image Credit: CC BY-SA 3.0 Jerzy Strzelecki
One of the seven wonders of the world, the Pyramids of Giza have long been an enduring symbol of Egypt and Archaeology. Several tombs of Pharaohs and prominent citizens of ancient Egypt have been discovered among the ruins. They were built around 2500 BC. Besides its cultural heritage, the pyramids also possess astronomical foundations.
The pyramids lie on the 30° latitude. Coincidence? The sides of each of the Giza Pyramids are oriented to the north-south and east-west directions. Their orientations come within a small fraction of a degree of the modern calculations. The arrangement of the pyramids also represents the stars of the Orion Belt. Constellations were sacred deities in ancient Egypt.
The tomb of Senenmut possesses a significant ceiling. The ceiling has depictions of some constellations in the form of a disc. Each disc is divided into 24 sections suggesting a 24-hour time period. Constellations are portrayed as sacred deities of Egypt. The observations of lunar cycles are also illustrated.
Next: Depiction of a Prehistoric Meteorite Impact